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People who raise chickens know that in the process of raising chickens, in addition to the initial construction cost of the chicken coop, the largest proportion of the cost of raising chickens is feed. Different chicken breeders raise different meat ratios. Profits are very different. Here are 7 kinds of feed-saving measures for everyone. I hope it will help you.
1. Use complete formula feed
Many novices have no special experience in raising chickens. They tend to go down the same path. When raising chickens, they use a single raw material to feed the chickens, for example, they often feed corn. Less, in the end did not make much money, but also lost a lot of feed costs, which is too cost-effective. It is recommended that chicken farmers use complete feed.How to process the complete chicken feed?Some practical chicken feed formulas?That will be told in this article.
2. Feeding high-product breeder chickens
The high or low egg production rate is also related to the breed, especially the farmers who raise chickens. If free-range chickens are mainly egg-laying, we must pay attention to the egg production rate of this breed. At present, the egg production rate of most rural chickens is not high, and many chicken farmers feel that they only need to lay eggs. It does not pay attention to the egg production rate at all, and many of them are more resistant to diseases, but eat more and lay less eggs, which causes a waste of feed.
3. Free-range chickens are worse than cage chickens
Everyone who has raised chickens knows that every time the chickens are fed, the feed is evenly scattered in the trough. When the chickens are eating, they are often piled up in piles. Then the chickens are easy to waste and take a long time to eat. There is a lot of wasted feed. If it is changed to cage, the space for chickens is limited, and the eating is relatively uniform, so there is no waste of feed. For how to save feed in cages, see the next measures.
4. Add sides to the inside of the feed trough
Adding the inside edge of the feed trough is to prevent the chickens from taking out the feed when eating. You can go to the chicken coop to observe whether there is any sprinkled feed on the ground. If so, pay attention to the feed trough. The accumulation of less and more, and a lot of wasted feed over time.
5. Increase feeding frequency
In order to save trouble, some chicken farmers add a lot at a time when feeding. We have observed many chicken farms. The feed pile in the bucket is full. This is not only easy to cause waste of feed, but may also lead to disease. It is recommended that you calculate the approximate feed intake based on the age and number of chickens when feeding chickens, and then feed according to the number of chickens when feeding, less feeding, and keep the feeder empty for about 30 minutes each time to ensure that Chickens can eat the feed clean. Don't try to save trouble in raising chickens, save a little effort, and spend a lot of money, it is actually very uneconomical.
6. Don't make the feed moldy
Feed mold is easy to cause the chickens to get sick. The feed is prone to mold during the long-term stacking process, especially in the high temperature and high humidity season. You must pay attention to this point. If the feed is moldy, you can use mold to remove the bacteria. Don't continue to feed the chicken.
7. Reduce feed and eliminate low-yield chickens
For laying hens, the feed should be reduced in time after the peak egg laying period (generally around 42 weeks). Feed reduction should be based on the age and egg production rate. Proper feed reduction does not affect egg production, but also saves a lot of feed costs, and at the same time avoids over-fat chickens. After the peak egg production period, the local chickens should be eliminated in time. In the later period, the local chickens still eat the same ingredients, but the egg production is less. At this time, we eliminated low-yield chickens in a timely manner, and the saved feed was quite a lot.
Regarding the saving of feed costs, there are many methods in the process of raising chickens, but what we have to do is not only to raise the chickens, but also to save the feed costs to the maximum, so that we can raise the chickens and make money. Chicken farmers can make reasonable arrangements according to their own circumstances.
As can be seen from the above, the first way to reduce the cost of feed is the most important. Let's take a look at the relevant knowledge of full-price compound feed.
(1)How to process chicken complete formula feed?
How to make chicken poultry feeds？If you want to make chicken mash feed, the manufacturing process of complete poultry chicken feed line: Cleaning -- Crushing -- Mixing -- Packing
Generally,we can divide the raw materials into two parts:one need to be crushed,the other need not.So when we feed material to the feed production line,we will first separately feed them to different channels: particle materials go through feeding port to the feed grinder,mash materials go through feeding port to the chicken feed mixer directly.Usually,there are impurities in the particle material,so they will first be put into the pre-cleaner to remove the stones,clods and ropes etc. from them,and the go to the permanent magnetic tube to remove the iron part.The Cleaning system will help you to get the clean material and ensure that there's no unexpected impurities to damage the following feed equipment.
All cleaned materials will be stored and discharged in the bin for the poultry feed hammer mill crusher.As the hammer mill is the key machine of crushing system.
Evenly mix different materials into complete mash feed.All materials are mixed together in the chicken food mixing processing machine.Usually the volume of the bin for mixer,mixer and the buffer bin are all the same to ensure the mixer can work continuously batch after batch.Please note that the you must make sure the materials every batch in the mixer are accurate to your formula(so you have to weigh the material every batch before feed them to the feeding port.).If it is OK for your budget,you can change for automatic production line to let the computers do this.Premix feed are delivered into the mixer directly because of the small quantity and accurate requirement.
Mash feed(or chicken powder feed) after mixing can be called complete feed now.
If you want only to make mash feed,you can send them to the product bin to be packed.If you want to make pellet feed, the manufacturing process of poultry chicken feed pellet process line: Cleaning -- Crushing -- Mixing -- Pelleting -- Cooling -- Packing
For chicken pellet feed,the mash feed will go to the following feed making machine.
Chicken feed pellet making machine will form the mash feed into chicken pellet feed.Usually we use ring die pellet mill for widely used ring die chicken feed pellet production line,by changing different ring dies of the pellet mill we can make pellets of different sizes for different animals.
As we have add steam to the pellet mill,the pellet out from the poultry feed pellet Mill will be about 80℃,moisture 15%-16%,not suitable to pack,so we need to cool them.
Fan,cyclone,airlock and necessary pipes form a system to provide airflow for the counter-flow cooler,pellet feed will be cooled in the cooler and discharged. After cooling,the temperature of the pellet will be about 2-3℃ above the room temperature and with 13% moisture more or less.
Usually we will add crumble under the cooler.If we are to make small pellet,directly making it from the pellet mill will reduce the capacity of the whole plant and cost more energy,we can first make bigger pellet and then send it to crumble to make it smaller.
(2) Recommended feed formula for several chickens
a. 60-day-old chicks (0～4 weeks)
Corn 32%, wheat 35%, bean cake 18%, fish meal 12%, bone meal 1.5%, auxin 1.3%, table salt 0.2%, multidimensional element 0.02% (metabolic energy 12.49 MJ/kg, crude protein 22.4%) Cassava 45 %, cat beans 20%, peanut bran 15%, soybeans 7%. Fish meal 8%, pine needle leaf meal 2%, bone meal 1.5%, auxin 1.3%, table salt 0.2%, multidimensional element 0.02% (metabolic energy 12.18 MJ/kg, crude protein 21.49%)
b. 60-day-old chicks (5-8 weeks)
Corn 58%, wheat 13%, bean cake 14%, fish meal 12%, bone meal 1.8%, auxin 1%, table salt 0.2%, multidimensional element 0.02% (metabolic energy 12.8 MJ/kg, crude protein 20.17%, apply this method The live weight of chicks at the end of 8 weeks is 1590 grams, and the meat ratio is 1:2.26) 45% cassava, 20% cat beans, 20% soybeans, 5% fish meal, 5% peanut bran, 2% pine needle powder, 1.8% bone meal, Auxin 1%, table salt 0.2%, multidimensional element 0.02% (metabolic energy 12.56 MJ/kg, crude protein 20.15%, the feeding effect is the same as the original formula)
c. Demonstration dietary formula for broilers (0～4 weeks)
Corn 46.7%, broken rice 7%, wheat 10%, bean cake 11.7%, peanut bran 8%, domestic fish meal 14%, grass meal 2%, shell meal 0.3%, table salt 0.3% (metabolic energy 12.217 MJ/kg, coarse Protein 21%) Cassava 45%, broken rice 8%, peanut bran 20%, soybean 10%, fish meal 10%, auxin 1%, pine needle leaf powder 5%, shell powder 0.7%, table salt 0.3%, multivitamin 0.02% (Metabolic energy 12.3 MJ/kg, crude protein 21.79%)
d. Demonstration dietary formula for broiler chickens (over 4 weeks)
Corn 47.7%, broken rice 10%, wheat 9.5%, rice 4%, bean cake 7%, peanut bran 8%, domestic fish meal 11%, grass meal 2% , Shell powder 0.5%, table salt 0.3% (metabolic energy 12.217 MJ/kg, crude protein 18.1%) Cassava 50%, wheat bran 7%, soybean 18%, broad bean 10%, feather meal 4%, fish meal 4%, pine needles Leaf powder 5%, shell powder 0.7%, table salt 0.3%, auxin 1%, multidimensional element 0.02% (metabolic energy 12.216 MJ/kg, crude protein 18.3%)
e. Special formula for laying hens (0～6 weeks)
Yellow corn 61%, wheat bran 5%, bean cake 15%, peanut bran 8%, imported fish meal 8%, shell meal 2%, calcium hydrogen phosphate 1%. Plus: 0.4% table salt, 0.05% methionine, 0.01%～0.02% multidimensional element, appropriate amount of trace element additives for poultry (metabolic energy 12.12 MJ/kg, crude protein 19.65%) 45% cassava, 15% cat beans, 15 soybeans %, peanut bran 7%, fish meal 8%, pine needle leaf meal 5%, shell meal 1.6%, calcium hydrogen phosphate 1%, table salt 0.4%, poultry auxin 1%, fine sand 1%. Plus: methionine 0.05%, multivitamin 0.02% (metabolic energy 12.14 MJ/kg, crude protein 19.77%)
f. Special formula for laying hens (7～10 weeks)
Yellow corn 61%, wheat bran 10%, bean cake 11%, peanut bran 8%, imported fish meal 2%, shell meal 3%, grass powder 5%. Plus: 0.4% table salt, 0.05% methionine, 0.03% lysine, 0.01% multidimensional element, appropriate amount of trace element additives for poultry (metabolic energy 11.37 MJ/kg, crude protein 15.03%) 50% cassava, 17% cat beans , Soybean 10%, fish meal 6%, tapioca leaf meal 7%, pine needle leaf meal 5.6%, shell meal 3%, auxin 1%, table salt 0.4%. Plus: methionine 0.05%, lysine 0.03%, multidimensional element 0.01% (metabolic energy 11.47 MJ/kg, crude protein 15.42%)
g. Special formula for laying hens (egg production rate 65%～80%)
Yellow corn 61%, wheat bran 5%, bean cake 11%, peanut bran 8%, imported fish meal 6%, shell meal 8%, calcium hydrogen phosphate 1% . Plus: 0.4% table salt, 0.05% methionine, 0.01%～0.02% multivitamin, appropriate amount of trace element additives for poultry (metabolic energy 11.5 MJ/kg, crude protein 16.8%) 45% cassava, 15% soybean, 15% cat bean %, fish meal 8%, pine needle leaf meal 5.6%, shell meal 7%, table salt 0.4%, dicalcium phosphate 1%, auxin 1%. Plus: methionine 0.05%, multidimensional element 0.01%～0.02% (metabolic energy 11.5% megajoule/kg, crude protein 17.06%)
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