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Design of equipment layout in automatic 10 ton per hour chicken and cattle feed production plant workshop

2021-01-16 Back to List

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For full automatic 10 ton per hour chicken and cattle feed production plants, feed processing technology and feed processing equipment upgrades will be one aspect of their consideration of adjustment and transformation. When new design or expanded animal poultry chicken cattle pellet making plants, it is necessary to consider the advanced feed processing technology, the rationality of equipment selection, and the layout of equipment. Reasonable, economically reasonable, safe and applicable to meet the current shortage of human resources and the needs of feed manufacturers to adjust product structure. The following briefly introduces the main points of the equipment layout design of the automatic 10 ton per hour chicken and cattle feed production plant production workshop.

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1. Preparation of layout design

When designing the equipment layout, first determine the relative positions of the raw material warehouse, production workshop, finished product warehouse, and the floor space and height of the 10tph complete animal poultry chicken cattle feed mill production workshop.

(1) Determination of the relative positions of the raw material warehouse, production workshop, and finished product warehouse

The layout of raw material warehouse, production workshop, and finished product warehouse roughly has two forms (according to the flow direction of materials in the processing line): the "7" shape is a curved shape and the "一" shape is a straight-through shape.

There are many factors that influence the choice of these two forms, such as: the topography and landform of the feed factory; the main road outside the factory; the logistics in the factory; environmental protection requirements (the impact of dust emission and noise on the surrounding of the 10 ton per hour chicken cattle feed production factory), etc.

(2) Determination of the floor area of ​​the production workshop

The product structure, market share and development goals of a high quality 10t/h automatic cattle poultry feed mill factory determine the processing technology and production scale required. Reasonable processing technology can meet the changes in market requirements for products, and a reasonable production scale can meet the requirements of animal feed production enterprise market development in a certain period of time, so as to achieve economic and sustainable development of the enterprise, avoid overcapacity, and bring feed production company development.

After the feed processing technology and production scale are determined, the number of crushing lines, mixing lines, and pelletizing lines configured in the entire 10 ton per hour full automatic cattle poultry feed pellet manufacturing plant is determined, and the floor space of the production workshop can basically be determined. At the same time, it is necessary to consider the safe evacuation passage in the production workshop. The production workshop of the turn-key poultry cattle feed pellet plant with 10 ton capacity belongs to the category C building. When the area of ​​each floor is less than 250m2, there are 2 safe evacuation openings; when the area of ​​each floor is less than 250m2, and the number of producers at the same time does not exceed 20 people, set up a safe evacuation point.

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(3) Determination of the height of the production workshop

There are 2 modes in the production workshop:

a. No basement, partial pit, 6 floors above the ground;

b. There is a basement underground and 5 floors above the ground.

Which mode to choose according to the geological conditions of the land, such as the area with poor geological conditions, or the area with high excavation cost, the best choice of mode a; hilly areas, areas with better geological conditions are best to choose mode b.

The size of the production scale determines the model specifications of the animal feed hammer mill crusher,animal feed mixer machine,animal poultry chicken cattle feed pellet making machine,pellet cooler, and rotary grading screen, as well as the capacity of the warehouse to be crushed, the batching warehouse, the warehouse to be granulated, and the finished product warehouse. These parameters that affect the height of the production workshop are determined, and the height of the production workshop can basically be determined.

The reasonable design of the above three points will bring huge direct and indirect economic benefits to the enterprise. The relative positions of the raw material warehouse, production workshop, and finished product warehouse are reasonable, and the efficiency of receiving raw materials and finished product delivery will be improved, and the logistics cost and loading and unloading costs will be reduced; the floor space and height of the production workshop are reasonably designed, and the construction and equipment investment of the animal feed processing factory will be reduced. Equipment operating costs will be reduced.

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2. Maintenance and operation space of each section and each auto chicken poltry livestock feed machine

Most of the complete animal feed processing technology adopts the first crushing and then the batching process, and its sections can be roughly divided into the raw material receiving and cleaning section, the crushing section, the batching mixing section, the pelletizing cooling and screening section, and the finished product packaging section. Next, we will discuss the maintenance and operation space of several main regional equipment according to the work section.

(1) Raw material receiving and cleaning section

Raw material reception is generally divided into two places: a. silo raw material reception; b. production workshop raw material reception. The raw material receiving port of the silo is located on the side of the main road in the factory, and the large-diameter grain unloading pit is convenient for unloading on both sides of the large truck. The raw material receiving port of the production workshop is set in the raw material warehouse, generally there are two or more. The size of the discharge port is larger than the tray (1600mm×1400 mm). The discharge port should be one row as much as possible. Consider the walking space of a forklift.

(2) Crushing section

This section mainly considers the overhaul and operation space of the hammer mill feed grinder. There should be passages around the wheat corn rice maize hammer mill. The overhaul distance on both sides of the crushing chamber is ≥800mm, which is convenient for replacing the screen. The overhaul distance of the cattle chicken feed hammer mill shaft end is not less than the length of the hammer shaft. .

(3) Batching and mixing section

This section mainly considers the overhaul and operation space of the mixer. Generally, this area is relatively spacious and there will be no problems.

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(4) Granulation cooling and screening section

In the operation of equipment in the 10 ton per hour cattle and chicken feed production factory, the operating space of the 10t/h ring die animal feed pelletizer is very important, because the working environment around the animal chicken cattle feed pelleting machine is harsh, with high temperature, heavy ring die, high replacement frequency, and easy wear of the pressure roller. When designing, the space in this area should be spacious, and the recommended operating distance is ≥2m, and it can also meet the conditioner shaft maintenance. The rotary grading screen occupies a large area, mainly considering the maintenance and repair space of the rotary grading screen transmission, and the space for replacing the screen frame.

(5) Finished product packaging section

The packaging area is an area where personnel operations are concentrated. The operating diameter range of bagging and sealing workers is ≥1.2m, and the range of woven bag placement area is ≥1.2m.

The above five points mainly describe the maintenance and operation space of the main area equipment. In the production workshop of the feed factory, there are many auxiliary equipment, such as conveying equipment, dust removal equipment, etc., which also need to be considered for maintenance and operation space. The following two principles can be followed:

a. Non-operating channel≥0.5m; operating channel 0.8≥m; main channel 1.0≥m.

b. Generally, there are longitudinal or transverse main passages in the workshop, with a width of 1.0~1.2m, and the horizontal passage between each single machine is 0.6~0.8 m. The minimum observation passage or operation and maintenance interval should not be less than 0.6m; 2.2 above the passage There should be no pipes or other animal feed mking machinery within m range; the main channel should be close to the safe entrance; the height of the equipment configuration: the point that needs frequent observation, should be 1.4 ~ 1.6m from the floor of the building. The place that requires more physical strength should be 0.8~1.2m away from the floor of the building.

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①Raw material receiving and cleaning stage

Equipment name Specification model Quantity (unit)
Raw material discharge pit / 2
Level device BC15-K34-AZ3X  2
Scraper conveyor TGSU25  1
Bucket elevator TDTG50/23 1
Cylinder preliminary cleaning screen SCY63 1
Permanent magnet cylinder TXCT25 1
Rotary distributor TFPX.12 1

②Feed crushing section

Equipment name Specification model Quantity (unit)
To be crushed bin / 1
Leveler / 8
Buffer bucket / 1
Animal chicken cattle feed grinder  SESP112*38C 1
screw conveyor TLSS25 1
Bucket elevator TDTG50/23 1
Rotary distributor  TFPX.12 1
Pulse dust collector TBLMa21 1
Matching fan 4-72No4.5A 1

③Batching and mixing section

Equipment name Specification model Quantity (unit)
Ingredients warehouse / 18
Leveler / 40
Screw feeder TLSU20 TWLL28 4
Screw feeder TLSU20 TWLL25 10
Screw feeder TLSU20 TWLL20 6
Batching scale PCS 2
Add bucket manually / 1
horizontal animal cattle chicken feed mixer SSHJ4 1
Buffer bucket / 1
Scraper conveyor TGSU25 2
Bucket elevator TDTG50/28 1
Rotary distributor TFPX.4 1
Fan 4.72No4.5A 1
Pulse dust collector TBLMa21 1

④Feed pelletizing section

Equipment name Specification model Quantity (unit)
To be granulated bin / 1
Level machine / 8
Closed air feeder / 1
Cattle chicken feed pellet milling machine SZLH420 1
Counter flow pellet cooler SKLN6 1
Pellet Crumbler machine SSLG20×170+3 1
Bucket elevator TDTG36/28 1
Cyclone grading screen SFJH125×2d /
Buffer bucket / 1
Rotary distributor TFPX.4 1
Pulse dust collector TBLMa46 1
Fan 4-72No5.0A 1

⑤Automatic packing section

Equipment name Specification model Quantity (unit)
Finished product warehouse / 1
Leveler / 8
Buffer bucket / 1
Pellet packaging scale / 1
Seam combined conveyor / 1

⑥Auxiliary equipment

Equipment name Specification model Quantity (unit)
Air compressor / 1
1 ton coal-fired boiler DZL1—1.25—AⅡ 1
Basic granite water film dust collector LZAA0 type 1
Pulse dust collector TBLMa46 1
Fan 4-72No5.0A 1

The competition in the feed industry is becoming increasingly fierce. Optimizing product structure, improving product quality, and reducing operating and feed line production costs are the inevitable choices of feed companies. The optimized design of 10 ton per hour capacity chicken cattle feed production project is economical, reasonable, safe and practical, which is conducive to reducing production costs and reducing the pressure of equipment and building depreciation. This is very important to enhance the competitiveness of 10tph full poultry cattle feed mill plant enterprises.

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