Building your own pellet plant does have some premises: raw material availability, location of factory, distance among factory, port and targeting market, etc. Lacking of full consideration of each one of said points may cause problems in production, logistics or shipment. Detail explanations go here:
(1)Raw materials: Which is the best choice for your pellet production, sawdust, wood chips, tree branches, straw, stalk, palm fiber? It is also necessary to consider overall quality of raw material such as, size, moisture, heat values, ashes, etc. When it comes to raw material, we are talking about not only what kind of pellets you are producing, but also the equipments you need with your pellet plant, as different material need different equipments. It decides the construction of wood pellet plant and the quality of final pellet products, that is, your investment and your profits.
(2)Pellet quality: Quality is another factor affects your profitability when the market price is fixed. Superior quality will be your competitive advantage while bad pellet quality or a bad reputation for wood pellet quality will be lethal disadvantage. So quality pellet mill is the most important choice you are going to make.
(3)Financing: Financing is very important for wood pellet plant construction and your profits . Generally, the investment and your pellet plant size are in direct ratio.
2.Main equipments required in wood pellet plant
(1)Wood chipper: to reduce tree branches and logs into small piece.
(2)Hammer mill: to crush wood chips, stalks, straws or other large size raw materials into powder with the size of less than 5 mm.
(3)Dryer machine: to lower the moisture content and make the materials ready for direct pelletizing.
(4)Pellet machine: the core of wood pellet plant, which can be classified into flat die pellet mill and ring die wood pellet mill. However, for large scale complete wood pellet factory, ring die pellet mill is usually the choice.
(5)Cooler: to cool the hot pellets to room temperature.
(6)Other auxiliary facilities: packing machine, conveyor, etc.
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